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Dialogue Between Nature and Architecture The multifunctional space in the mountain as a new complement in the Guinardo park's promenade. Tutor: Ph. I would like to express my gratefulness to every one to support me in the course of the Master, and the development of the present work, specially to my family, my parents Numan, Raquel my dear grammar editor and my brother Andres; at the distance they were present all the time, listening and giving me advices, in order to support me in this process.
Also I want to show my gratitude to Caridad and Andrea, two magnificence friends that became my family and my company this time. The development of the architecture project involves different issues, resulting always the biggest challenge when we face the nature, in this case, the presence of the mountain in the Guinardo Park. In that sense, the best way to generate this project is creating a dialog, a conversation between nature and architecture.
Using the nature as scenario, as a formal element for the building, for its promenade, for its experience; learning from the architectural paradigms that achieve that idea. But, this dialog must have a topic, something to talk. For that reason, it is important to understand how the evolution of the place and space is, the contemporary incidence of the technology, in the way of how we are living those spaces which are going to be placed in the nature.
It means, the necessity of designing the multifunctional spaces in the contemporary architecture as different topics in a dialog, but always taking into account its main objective, that is, to respect the context and the nature. In other words, maintaining the dialog.
The importance of the Bunkers The new project a new light Choosing the site, a problem as opportunity Plan of the site and sections Design Clues.
Chapter 2: Thinking about what to Talk Introduction Chapter 2 The ways to understand the context in Architecture Ideas of the place and space Paradigms of the architecture of the place The contemporary dissolution of the space.
Chapter 3: Nature as Scenario for Talking Introduction Chapter 3 The language of the landscape Analogies between structural elements and nature.
The development of the architecture project involves different issues, like knowing the site and the kind of program needed to develop it there. Every project is different according to those aspects, but always is a challenge when we as architects face a strong context, when we face the nature. Adolf Loos used to say that in a perfect natural image, the vernacular architecture appears inside the nature and looks like it is made by the same God, but sometimes this picture is being destroyed, when suddenly appears another building, another intervention made by an architect.
This dialog must have a topic, something to talk, some function in the building that is going to be placed in the nature. For that reason, it is important to understand how the evolution of the place and space is, and the contemporary incidence of the technology, in the way of how we are living those spaces which are going to be placed in the nature.
It means, the necessity of designing the multifunctional spaces in the contemporary architecture as different topics in a dialog. The present work shows a project located in an ancient quarry in the Guinardo Park. It reflects and gives us the clues as a way to face the architectural project. Through the lessons and knowledge about the ideas of the place and space, the ways to understand the context and how the architecture is placed in the nature must be in balance.
This aspect is important in the sense that it is always difficult to develop a project when the nature makes a strong influence. The best way to generate a correct project is creating a dialog, a conversation between nature and architecture.
When the architecture listens and understands the clues that the nature is telling, and the building answers with a correct implantation, scale, promenades, etc. In the present chapter the reader will understand the history and the importance of the Carmel Neighbourhood and the presence of the bunkers as a transcendental phase in its development and shape.
In order to understand and make an architectonic project, this phase that involves the history and the analysis of the current situation is fundamental. Thus, the architect can understand why the project has different requirements and the best way of fulfill it. In the route of this analysis the bunkers appear. So, it is necessary to understand this project in order to develop an appropriated complement for it. In this sense, the site emerges, but with another particularity, the presence of the nature, giving us the topics that the present work develops in the next chapter in order to find the best way to develop the architectonic project, to promote the dialog.
For example, lack of communications, services, streets, etc. The topogra- surround the quarry of Can Baro. The neighborhood has tion of the residential buildings increase considerably. This plot always has been charac- ing increasing the segregation of big parcels that are sold as terized for bad communications with the city, precisely the building plots, but constructing later as little isolated houses distance and the isolation of the territory that today occupy or between medians.
El Carmel, explain the arrival of new settlements at the end of the XIX century. According neighborhoods as Horta or Gracia. For that reason, the rewith Bou and Guimeo3, the period between and sult was a sub urban growing, with no coherence, but also is very important in order to figure out the actual urban dis- isolated without links with another consolidated cores.
Also were able to buy a terrain with a cheapest price in this no with the postwar, the first migrations waves of the Cataluurbanized zone. The Carmel area is transformed as lar social classes that occupy that site; the requirements had important point of residential attraction, occupying graduappeared in the newspapers of that time.
In those years, the houses in ground floor, facing to the pre-existence rural religious and benefit buildings also gain force, in the way of trials, without coherence, urban planning, or good commu- the new national Catholicism driven for the new regime, nication. In short, the years of the post war were marked by a clear no definition in the urban planning, used by the speculation of the particular owners, and it worked for the settlement of a modest social mass merged by the migration.
This situation provokes during these years an urban void in terms of planning, this affects the buildings and the activities in the quarries. But in a difficult terrain as the Carmel the result was an abusive growing, without control, with no quality buildings settled above difficult slopes. In the 70s, the background for the neighborhood was continuing depressing without services, no pavement streets, sewerage services, green areas, sports sites, public lights and just one line of bus arrives to there, so they also lack in communication with the city.
The neighbors association was fundamental to improve the conditions of the neighborhood. And the municipality started to build social housing in the same neighborhood and other facilities as school, kindergarten, etc. Lots of commerce were affected by this crisis, and most of them close definitely their business. The Municipality acted as quickly as possible, sealing the tunnel and the underground of a lot of buildings, also with the demolition of 4 of them because it had serious structural damages.
The Municipality indemnified the affected people. With this brief history of the neighborhood we can understand the development of the Carmel, and how much it takes in order to improve its services, infrastructure and leisure spaces. Today, it is the most powerful tool for the development of the neighborhood in this new era of XXI century as a new lookout of the city In the last barracks were demolished, and the arrival Img.
It was the initial effort at planning both the metropolitan area of Barcelona, as well as the 25 adjacent cities around. The overall plan was to encourage the growth of suburbs as well as fostering the growth of garden cities in the greater area. In these years eight hundred people died in the indiscriminate attack Img. As its only defence, the city had an extensive network of underground air raid shelters constructed by the population, and a system of anti-aircraft gun emplacements that were installed by the Republican Government.
It is the highest peak in Barcelona, perfectly for the antii aircraft purpose. The military infrastructure, consisting of seven circular gun platforms, a rectangular platform for the military command person and shelters for the troops, also it was used as a place for storage different kind of weapons.
Spain, and owing to lack of housing, Els Canons ended up with more than a hundred self-built houses Img. If their inhabitants had few material resources, their resourcefulness was great and they were well organized, struggling for better accommodation in the future, while, at the same time, equipping and improving their everyday living space as best they could. This situation became a problem for the image of Barcelona.
So in , when the city was awarded with the Olympic Games, the municipality in an attempt to clean up the city and improve its image before the games, the city council decided to rehouse all the residents living in the bunkers, placing them in flats within the city.
Thus, they were abounding the area and the village completely. So this military settlement was abandoned after the war ended. Over decades neighborhood in the north and, in the opposite direction, of large scale immigration of workers from other parts of the plain of Barcelona with the sea in the background. When an initial military coup failed to win control of the entire country, a bloody civil war ensued, fought with great ferocity on both sides.
The objective was to be a space conserving history and in memory of a recent and highly relevant past with a lookout that would be accessible to the general public. The intervention aimed to minimize the impact on the existing features of the hilltop while bringing out its different layers of meaning. The latter project is educational in its highlighting of the historical value of the site.
Some aspects are loaded with the epic nature and drama of war, while others speak of the more prosaic, but no less relevant drama of newcomers The starting point was the awareness that this was a dy- to the city, excluded people who lacked the basic right of namic site, which was confirmed as the processes of clean- housing.
Apart from the history, the main essential minimum Img. The only added paving, consisting of a stretch a perfect vantage point from which to look out on all the of concrete of deactivated surfaces revealing granulates in development and progress that took place on the plain of relief, is respectfully separated from the platforms of the an- Barcelona, admiring the landmarks and monuments in one ti-aircraft gun emplacement, although it links them with a sight.
At dusk, locals and tourists alike gather at the bunpath leading to the access road. On the northern side, which overlooks Carmel, there is also a variety of vegetation adapted to a certain degree of humidity. The care put into renovating this once-marginal space, it has rid it of vandalism without stripping it of its magic.
The residents of the Carmel neighborhood and visitors from further away now have easier access to a site that offers both fine views and a delicate restoration of ruins. In this sense, we can understand the history and the importance of the Carmel Neighborhood and the Bunkers in Barcelona, also how the presence of them are helping for the development of the neighborhood because it has hundreds of visitors each day, but there is a problem.
So, it is pertinent and necessary the idea of an open market at least once a week in the project. And finally another problem is about the promenade of the Ginardo park, because it is broken for the hole in the hill that leaves the ancient quarry. Thus, the The grey space is the Rovira Municipal Parking lot, located project could be a bridge between the two sides of the hill on Carrer de Josep Serrano and Carrer de Tenerife streets, improving the communication of the neighborhood.
This place use to be the quarrier called Can Baro, which provide with So, the project is not going to be just a parking lot, it should stone in the 60s of the last century. Nowadays it is visible be a multifunctional space with a market and a space for the presence of the ancient quarry, giving a strong image in restaurants and bars, in order to be a complement for the this part of the Guinardo park.
Second, the new infrastructure must respond development of a new architectural project as a facility for to the needs of the neighbourhood and should be a comple- the neighborhood. Nowadays the site is used just as a municipal parking lot, with a capacity of vehicles, mostly used by the neighbours in the closly streets. From the inner space of the site, it is very evident the strong force of the mountain, the nature, the rock, and a wall of the site, the grey aspect of the parking lot and the bunkers in the upper side of the hills.
When the site is observed from outside, it contrast with the image of the city, as a grey hole between the mountains and also again we can see the force of the mountain that surrounding the site. The diference of the levels by the topography and the streets give us the posibles entrance of the project, the pedestrian and vehicular.
According to the necessity of the neighbourhood for a multifunctional space in that strong context, this chapter presents an analysis of the ways to understand the context in the architecture, and some paradigms of different types of interventions are developed in those strong contexts. Then, it is necessary to understand the conception and evolution of the contemporary space that we want to create in that context, until the actual dissolution of the space that we are living with the advance of the technology.
All of this study is done with the aim of understanding better the contemporary necessities and tendencies in the design of spaces that are going to be placed in those strong contexts, in order to create the dialog that the project is looking for. The ways to understand the context in architecture. Most of the times, when an architect of enrichment is essential. Because always the design starts with In another hand, the first definition told us about how loan analysis and with it the project make an answer for it, cate a word, which is dependent for an specific situation but we need to keep in mind the reality that following the in order to build its own sense or value, the context is an ideas of Jean Marie Vincent2, not every analysis is good, active part of the construction of the subject, in this case of the architect not always has the economy resources and the the word.
Again translating this definition in architecture, it necessary time to make this analysis in a deeply way. But refers to when a building its located in some place, the conwhen we start to think in a project, it always is located in a text which surrounds it, is transcendental for the meaning place, I mean, each project has its own context, but this idea and design of the building, it means how it is oriented, why or meaning ultimately is misunderstand.
For that reason, the dimension, and position of the windows, patios, mateit is necessary to establish the difference, and for me the rials, height of the building, etc. It means everything, so the correct way is to act in a context. Arquitectura y contexto.
Steadman, Philip 1942-
Dialogue Between Nature and Architecture The multifunctional space in the mountain as a new complement in the Guinardo park's promenade. Tutor: Ph. I would like to express my gratefulness to every one to support me in the course of the Master, and the development of the present work, specially to my family, my parents Numan, Raquel my dear grammar editor and my brother Andres; at the distance they were present all the time, listening and giving me advices, in order to support me in this process. Also I want to show my gratitude to Caridad and Andrea, two magnificence friends that became my family and my company this time. The development of the architecture project involves different issues, resulting always the biggest challenge when we face the nature, in this case, the presence of the mountain in the Guinardo Park. In that sense, the best way to generate this project is creating a dialog, a conversation between nature and architecture.
Arquitectura y naturaleza / Architecture and Nature (Arte Y Estetica Ar)
ISBN 13: 9788472142527
Steadman, Philip Overview. Publication Timeline. Most widely held works about Philip Steadman. Most widely held works by Philip Steadman.
Libros de Segunda Mano — Bellas artes, ocio y coleccionismo — Arquitectura: Arquitectura y naturaleza: las analogias biologicas en el steadman. But this rose-tinted pronouncement conceals two important facts, as Dave Langford of Strathclyde University has pointed steadmaj. Eclipse Libros via United States. Steadmaan book contains more than illustrations, many of them specially drawn.