ASUHAN KEPERAWATAN HNP PDF

Landasan teori. HNP adalah Suatu nyeri yang disebabkan oleh proses patologik dikolumna vertebralis pada diskus intervertebralis diskogenik Harsono, HNP adalah keadaan dimana nukleus pulposus keluar menonjol untuk kemudia menekan ke arah kanalis spinalis melalui anulus fibrosis yang robek. HNP terjadi karena proses degenratif diskus intervetebralis. Angka kejadi dan kesakitan banyak terjadi pada usia pertengahan. Pada umumnya HNP didahului oelh aktiivtas yang berlebihan, misalnya mengangkat beban berat terutama mendadak mendorong barang berat.

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Reference Manager. Quick time of MRI examination is needed to produce an optimal image. The technique of parallel imaging is a technique that can increase the speed of MRI data acquisition by passing through several lines of phase encoding in k-space. The technique of parallel imaging has a special parameter called acceleration factor.

Acceleration factor R-factor will affect scan time. The purpose of this research is to know the difference of diagnostic image characteristic which is resulted in applying acceleration factor 2, 3 and 4 in parallel imaging of GRAPPA method and know the optimal acceleration factor to obtain MRI image of lumbar HNP case. Methods : This research type is quantitative research with descriptive approach.

Soedono Madiun. Result : The results of this study indicate that there are differences in diagnostic image characteristics in the application of acceleration factor 2 and 4, 3 and 4 with VGA test. Acceleration factor value optimal with VGC test known is acceleration factor 2 and 3.

Visual grading characteristics VGC analysis: A non-parametric rank-invariant statistical method for image quality evaluation. British Journal of Radiology, 80 Blaimer, M.

Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging, 24 2 , — Brown, M. Samelka, R. Inc, Ed. New Jersy. Busong, S. Mosby: : Washington DC. Catherine, W. Westbrook - Handbook Of Mri Technique. Blackwell Science Ltd. The Anatomical basis of clinical practice. Clinical Anatomy. Dale, M. Brian, M. Fast, A. Fruehwald-Pallamar, J. Parallel imaging of the cervical spine at 3T: Optimized trade-off between speed and image quality. American Journal of Neuroradiology, 33 10 , — Griswold, M.

Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, 47 6 , — Hidayat, A. Jakarta: Salemba Medika. Larkman, D. Parallel Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Ludewig, E. Diagnostic imaging - Evaluating image quality using visual grading characteristic VGC analysis.

Veterinary Research Communications, 34 5 , — MRI Parameters and Positioning. Moore, K. Anatom berorientasi klinis Edisike 5.

Jakarta: Erlangga. Muttaqin, A. Nael, K. High-spatial-resolution contrast-enhanced MR angiography of abdominal arteries with parallel acquisition at 3. American Journal of Roentgenology, 1 , Noor, H. Buku Ajar Gangguan Muskuloskeletal Jilid 1.

Jakarta: Salemba Medica. Notosiswoyo, M. Preibisch, C. Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging, 27 3 , — Rejo, A. MRI of herniated nucleus pulposus. Correlation with clinical findings, determinants of spontaneous resorption and effects of anti-inflammatory treatments on spontaneous resorption. Runge, R, W. New York: Thieme Medical Publisher.

Bandung: Alfabeta. Weishaupt, D. United Kingdom: Blackwell Science Ltd. User Username Password Remember me. Notifications View Subscribe. Collaboration With. Full Text: PDF. Moeller, T. Notoatmodjo, S. Metodologi Penelitian Kesehatan. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta. Pearce, E. Anatomi dan Fisiologi untuk Paramedis. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama. USA: University of Wisconsin. Westbrook, C. Remember me.

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