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Carlo Munier — was an Italian musician who advocated for the mandolin's acknowledgement among as an instrument of classical music and focused on "raising and ennobling the mandolin and plectrum instruments". A composer of more than works for the mandolin, he led the mandolin orchestra Reale circolo mandolinisti Regina Margherita named for its patron Margherita of Savoy and gave the queen instruction on the mandolin.

Silvio Ranieri described Munier in as one of the principal pioneers in the revival of the mandolin repertoire - a repertoire that with Munier began to move away from the limitations of the popular style waltzes, serenades and fashionable marches in order to approach the "art music" forms. Orphaned at a very young age, he was adopted by the relatives of his maternal grandfather, the noted luthier Pasquale Vinaccia.

The Vinaccia family of Naples had been active as instrument makers since the first half of the 18th century, and Pasquale is considered today one of the fathers of the modern mandolin for his technical innovations for the instrument. Munier acknowledged the closeness of his relationship with the Vinaccia family in his several references to Pasquale Vinaccia in his Method for mandolin , and in his dedication of the Three Mazurkas Op.

Growing up in the Vinaccia atelier, where he learned his first musical rudiments, Munier began to study the mandolin and the guitar with Carmine de Laurentiis , Neapolitan maestro of both instruments and author of the "Metodo per mandolino" published by Ricordi editions. Munier then enrolled in the S. Pietro Maiella Conservatory when he was 15, studying piano with the maestros Galiero and Cesi and harmony and composition with maestro Nicola D'Arienzo.

He completed his studies at 19, winning awards in composition and harmony. In this period he performed at several concerts in Naples and published his first compositions, arrangements of La Traviata and I Puritani for two mandolins, mandola and piano, dedicating the last one to the Queen of Italy.

When he was 22 Munier moved to Florence , where he spent the rest of his life. He quickly gained a reputation as a virtuoso , becoming a guiding figure of the Florentine mandolin and guitar school, which also included such illustrious students as Queen Margherita.

In he organized and conducted the first plucked string quartet , with Luigi Bianchi on first mandolin, Guido Vizzarri on second mandolin, Riccardo Matini on mandola and himself on liuto moderno.

With this quartet he performed several concerts across Italy, popularizing this kind of ensemble. In the quartet won first prize in the National Competition of Genoa, over which the famous violinist Camillo Sivori presided. In the same competition Munier won the gold medal as mandolin player and composer performing his "Concerto in Sol maggiore".

The king complimented Munier on the execution of the pieces and the extraordinary effects he obtained with the mandolin. In autumn , Munier left for a European tour that made stops in Marseilles and Antwerp. In Marseilles, he met his mandolinist friend Laurent Fantauzzi to whom he told of his plan to organize an impressive concert in Florence. Unfortunately, he never realized the event; on his return to Florence Munier contracted an unexpected illness and died on February 10, , after an unexpected illness.

Munier first married Luisa De Fonseca, who died young and to whom he dedicated Elegia op He then married Armida Bastianini with whom he had two daughters, Luisa and Elena. Munier was a prolific composer. His catalogue includes more than published works. With the exception of a few works, including the "Trio for mandolin, violoncello and piano" and the "Three quartets for 2 mandolins, mandola and lute", Munier wrote primarily for mandolin and guitar. His production of methods was also remarkable: the Metodo completo for mandolin in two volumes; Lo Scioglidita in four volumes and the Venti Studi.

His ouvre also included didactic works like the "Lezioni in Forma di Duetto" Op. Ten or twelve years ago the publication of a Method like this one would have been a useless proposition. At that time the mandolin was little known whereas now it has attained its rightful place in the art of music.

In fact, many people dedicate themselves to studying it with constant passion, therefore the need for a "Complete Method" for a guide to lead one without difficulties to perfect execution".

In the Etude magazine, January , George C. Krick selected a group of Munier's works as "his most important compositions. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Retrieved 2 May Categories : Italian mandolinists Italian composers Italian male composers births deaths Italian classical mandolinists 19th-century Italian musicians 19th-century male musicians.

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